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On View

Deoksugung

Pen Varlen 1916~1990

03.Mar.2016 - 08.May.2016

  • Pen Varlen 1916~1990
  • Pen Varlen, <Cut the shackle of colonialism!>, 1945
  • Pen Varlen, <Rice planting>, 1955
  • Pen Varlen, <Lenin comes to our village>, 1964
  • Pen Varlen, <Portrait of A.S. Hanshura, the fisherman and socialist heroine in labor>, 1969
  • Pen Varlen, <Self-portrait>, 1963,
  • Pen Varlen, <Portrait of  the writer B.L.Pasternak>, 1947
  • Pen Varlen, <Portrait of  the artist Alexandre T. Pushinin>, 1962
  • Pen Varlen, <Portrait of the artist Oleg Eremeev>, 1983
  • Pen Varlen, <Portrait of the art historian Kim Yongjoon>, 1953
  • Pen Varlen, <Repatriation of North Korean prisoners of war at Panmunjom(JSA)>, 1953
  • Pen Varlen, <Geumgangsan mountain in North Korea (Manmulsang)>, 1959
  • Pen Varlen, <Wind>, 1959
  • Pen Varlen, <At the Nevka river>, 1983
  • Pen Varlen, <Poetry festival at Mikhailovskoe>, 1975
  • Pen Varlen, <Shkotovsky>, 1964
  • Pen Varlen, <Pine trees in Geumgangsan Mountain>, 1987

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Pen Varlen 1916~1990

Pen Varlen, <Cut the shackle of colonialism!>, 1945

Pen Varlen, <Rice planting>, 1955

Pen Varlen, <Lenin comes to our village>, 1964

Pen Varlen, <Portrait of A.S. Hanshura, the fisherman and socialist heroine in labor>, 1969

Pen Varlen, <Self-portrait>, 1963,

Pen Varlen, <Portrait of  the writer B.L.Pasternak>, 1947

Pen Varlen, <Portrait of  the artist Alexandre T. Pushinin>, 1962

Pen Varlen, <Portrait of the artist Oleg Eremeev>, 1983

Pen Varlen, <Portrait of the art historian Kim Yongjoon>, 1953

Pen Varlen, <Repatriation of North Korean prisoners of war at Panmunjom(JSA)>, 1953

Pen Varlen, <Geumgangsan mountain in North Korea (Manmulsang)>, 1959

Pen Varlen, <Wind>, 1959

Pen Varlen, <At the Nevka river>, 1983

Pen Varlen, <Poetry festival at Mikhailovskoe>, 1975

Pen Varlen, <Shkotovsky>, 1964

Pen Varlen, <Pine trees in Geumgangsan Mountain>, 1987

  • Period 03.Mar.2016 - 08.May.2016
  • Venue Gallery 1,2,3,4
  • Artists Pen Varlen
  • Admission       3,000won

  • Exhibition
    introduction

Celebrating the 100th anniversary of the birth of Korean modern art masters, the National Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art, Korea presents a series of exhibitions to introduce the life and art of the three artists: Lee Jung-seob (1916~56), one of the nationally noted artists; Yoo Young-guk(1916~2002), one of the pioneers of Korean abstract art; and Pen Varlen(1916~90), the artist who has not been very well known in Korea until now.

Pen Varlen is a Goryeoin(Koreans in Russia and Central Asia) artist and educator who was born in Primorsky, or the Maritime Province, Russia, studied art in Saint Petersburg(former Leningrad), and spent most of his life in the city. His life and art penetrate not only the modern and contemporary history of Korea such as colonialization, division of the nation, war, and ideological conflicts, but also that of Russia, the country which experienced the communist revolution, the Second World War, totalitarianism, the cold war, Perestroika and Gladnost. Born outside the national border when Korea lost its national sovereignty, Pen belonged to a minority group who could not be protected even in the land he and his family migrated to. The artist, however, never let go of his belief on human dignity and his passion for art. Fate sometimes leads one's life against one's will, but Pen never yielded to this uncontrollable force. He rather embodied his view towards the world and his inner self on canvas as a witness to history and a "border rider."

 

Research on Pen Varlen has merely begun. The act of summoning this unfamiliar artist here and now should be something beyond criticizing the backwardness of Korean modern art basing on the Western criteria or that of modern Japan which aspired for the West. It should also be something beyond embracing the diaspora and expecting to discover within ourselves a quality of advancement which accords with the Western standards.

We hope that Pen Varlen 1916~1990, the first retrospective of the artist, would become an arena which discovers and newly generates multiple layers of contexts embodied in Pen's life and art as well as in Korean modern and contemporary art. Above all, Pen Varlen's significance in establishing the foundation of North Korean art would awaken the historical imagination and responsibility of the current generation who succeeds the duty to realize the unification of Korea.


BIOGRAPHY

BIOGRAPHY

1916

Born in the village of Korean refugees in Primorsky(Far East of Russia).

1936

After graduating from high school in Vladivostok, left for Sverdlovsk(currently Yekaterinburg), where entered the third year of Sverdlovsk Art College.

1940

Entered the Painting department of Ilya Repin Leningrad Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture(currently Russian Academy of Arts). Besides of studying painting, participated in the print workshop of the Graphic department.

1942-44

Stayed in Samarkant during the Leningrad Blockade by Nazis and published series of propaganda posters at the State Publishing Insitute.

1947

Graduated from the Institute under the instruction of A.A.Osmyorkin and entered the postgraduate course and Became a member of the Artists Union of the USSR.

1950

Finished the postgraduate studies under the instruction of B.V.Ioganson and Began to participated in exhibitions regularly.

1951  

Obtained the position of assistance professor at the Drawing department and get the Ph.D degree in Art History.

1953-54

Accredited to North Korea.

1961

Made his first journey to Europe.

1977

Obtained the position of professor at the Drawing department.

1990

Died on May 25 in Leningrad.

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